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Operations Planning – 3D GIS based Terrain Analysis

Operations planning is the bridge that connects the command level strategic plans to the tactical planning done on ground. Operations planning is more extensive than only battle or mission based operations. It also includes resource management, logistics, infrastructure management and the like. Defence and Paramilitary operations of all kinds depend on a sound understanding of the terrain. With the kind of advancement we have made in Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) technology, one can greatly improve the efficiency and ease with which these operations are executed. Using accurate terrain analysis one can easily map the relationship between all topographic entities within an Area of Interest (AOI). Just imagine, the kind of vantage the command can have access to, with not only accurate terrain imagery but the ability to visualize the same terrain in its most natural way of representation, in stereoscopic 3D.

To this end VizExpert‘s 3D GIS platform, GeorbIS, can help the Defence and Paramilitary forces in a variety of ways including AOI visualisation, terrain analysis, real-time sensor data integration and the like. This is done by enabling intelligence like Remote Sensing data, user created feature data, simulation data along with topographic data to create a more realistic visual representation of the Area of Interest. Merging this visual representation with real-time sensor data, MIS data in the form of sitrep (Situation report) and all other digital data, will enable smart decision making.

GeorbIS makes terrain analysis very accurate with its support for a host of built in algorithms for analysing any Vector, Raster or 3D source data. This enables various terrain related analyses like view shed analysis, Line of Sight (LoS) assessment, terrain profile and the like.

Our Platform also makes Real time sensor data integration possible and can be used to calculate the most optimal location for sensor placement. This can be done by using GPS data over radar and optical based data feeds, in synchronisation with geospatial analytical tools.

The platform has support for interoperability and is compatible with MIL symbology used by the Indian Military with the CAMS standard, along with support for Indian Military Grid Reference System (IMGRS) in addition to global symbology standards like the MIL 2525D. With support for various OGC protocols for serving map data. Our platform only allows login based access, with highly sophisticated security encryption.

For the purpose of easing customised deployments at multiple levels, various software functionality have been created and can be clubbed into modules, which fit in seamlessly with the main platform. These requirement based functionalities, called extensions, have been termed as CatridGIS,


  • GeorbIS Intel CatridGIS for producing rich geo – context report generation.
  • GeorbIS Stratagem CatridGIS used for enhancing the various stages of training, planning and mission briefing.
  • GeorbIS Footprint CatridGIS supports live data feeds from various sensor based sources.


A proven platform with multiple deployments successfully promoting the Make in India concept, our indigenously developed platform GeorbIS, helps the Defence and Paramilitary forces to transform various forms of data like locational information, road data, satellite imagery, DEM, sensor data and the like into important decisions like, resource management, logistics, terrain analysis and incident analysis.



How GIS Visualisation can help in Flood Management


In India one of the biggest challenges road commuters face is the structural failures found scattered across the majority of the country’s roadways. Commonly known as Potholes, these inconsistencies in our roads are a cause for not only accidents but also water stagnation, automobile damage and spread of disease as an effect of water stagnation. Heavy Rainfall is but one factor that causes the deterioration of our country’s roads. Technology can help us counter the damage that Rainfall causes. GIS Visualisation of a city’s roadways will allow the officials to not only track the most majorly affected areas due to rainfall, but also do analyses to a certain extent allowing for decision making based on the data collected.

Unfortunately rainfall is not the only cause for these structural damages. Lack of proper road maintenance, use of poor quality raw materials and defects liability periods being ignored are but some of the major reasons for this issue. In a move to correct these issues, the Karnataka government directed the BBMP to hold road contractors accountable for the maintenance of roads. With this move it has been announced that the names of the roads falling under the defects liability period and the details of the contractors in question will be made public shortly.

In relation to this senior BBMP officials, along with the mayor, deputy mayor and the IT team sat down with officials from our company, VizExperts. Discussions were held along the lines of our work related to 3D data collected from various databases in order to help the government and civic bodies take real time decisions in times of crisis. Using our 3D GIS platform GeorbIS, we can help in the 3D visualisation of the data available, allowing high level analysis and simulation models. This in turn will ensure that all the voluminous data available can be successfully transformed into intelligent decision making.

To that end, the BBMP is deciding on a project wherein VizExperts could help map the topology and assess the drain capacity in different areas against amount of rainfall received. This will help the officials of civic bodies predict the possibility of flooding to a reasonable extent and take decisions accordingly.

For the original release, click here.

How GeorbIS Platform can help in Forest Management


In today’s world, the most pressing concern when it comes to forestry is the substantial decrease in forest area. This loss of forest cover has been a huge factor in the reduction of the flora and fauna that is native to any particular forest. This loss is caused mainly due to land encroachment and harvesting. To this end the GeorbIS Platform, a 3D GIS technology from VizExperts can help in Integrated Forest Management. The platform helps in the transformation of voluminous raw data into informative decision making.

Using technologies like mapping, 3D visualization and image interpretation to name a few, the technology can help the forest department in the following ways:

Creation and updation of forest maps

It allows the mapping of all the forestry inventory including digital terrain data, vegetation details, timber data, land-use details, administrative districts and the like and visualise them in immersive 3D. The platform also supports integrating data from UAV surveys and processing a 3D database out of it. This forestry geodatabase can be updated regularly as well by use of fresh imagery and newly captured data.

Forest fire analysis and management

It supports the integration of fire simulation models by use of inputs like topography data, weather data and historical fire records and visualising them in context with the terrain in 3D. This allows conducting damage assessment studies by considering aspects like the point of origin and location of critical infrastructure.

Forest Resource Management and Monitoring

With the platform’s support for real time sensor data integration, it is possible to bring in all monitoring systems directly onto the platform. This includes sensors of various weather parameters, camera systems, RF systems and so on. Fusing data from various sensors, and visualizing them in the form of interactive graphs will assist in informed decision making.

Forest inventory creation and management

Using all the existing MIS data and bringing them onto the forestry GIS database, we can help create a regularly updated inventory database depicting all useful information required for the officials to manage. This will allow for the analysis and estimation of forest growth, deforestation rates, encroachment rates, species tracking and the like.

In Short our GeorbIS Platform can help in sustainable Forest Management.




How GIS Mapping can help in Flood Management

Below is a loosely edited transcript of the above article.

As the city of Bangalore, has been suffering from frequent flooding, can we reduce the damages using Geographical Information System (GIS)? According to Geographical experts it is possible using GIS Mapping.

According to the CEO and Co-founder of VizExperts, Praveen Bhaniramka, GIS technology will be helpful in preparing government agencies during times of Floods.

Population density, Rain samples, infrastructure status of the city, drainage facility information can be fetched using GIS technology. By deploying sensors in particular locations we can track inward and outward flow of rainwater in the city. By using these sensors the officials can map the situation during floods and can take decisions accordingly. This transformation of data into decision making is made possible by our 3D GIS platform, GeorbIS.

Every year during the Monsoon season, flooding occurs. Information and statistics is available with government entities. But, the utilization of that information in taking decisions is not happening. For example, the Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) is capable of providing accurate information about weather, forecast, precautions and natural disasters. But this data is not being used to take intelligent decisions.

How is GIS helpful?

  • Can form a map on areas where Flooding occurs frequently using GIS.
  • Using geographical aspects can rebuild a sewage drains to ensure smooth water flow.
  • Can allow the creation of flood simulation models.
  • Can allow the mapping of evacuation routes by use of imagery captured.
  • If weather forecast is available then the government officials can take appropriate decisions based on the available maps and locations.


Application of GIS data in Natural Disaster Preparation

Flood SImulation
With the use of the available GIS data, officials can take preventive measures as well as deliver speedy relief when faced with Natural Disasters. While Geospatial Technology has been effectively used by the Governments for preparing City Development Plans, the technology is not being utilized to its complete effect. According to Praveen Bhaniramka, founder and CEO of VizExperts the GIS data can be applied to reduce damages caused by natural disasters and can also help in taking precautionary measures.
Using GIS data one can map the terrain according to the requirement, for example when it comes to flooding crucial data like population density, scale of the rain, infrastructure, sanitary and stormwater drains can be gathered successfully with the help of GIS. Our 3D GIS platform, GeorbIS is capable of converting voluminous raw data into informative decision making through various visual computing methods. With this the state officials will not only be able to successfully run simulations on various models to collect data on potential damages, it will also help them plan out their restoration efforts. This will in short help them to prepare for natural disasters.
The state of Karnataka has successfully employed geospatial technology for the preparation of city development plans.
  • “Under K-GIS plan, the government has been developing digital spatial infrastructure. Rs 150 crore has been sanctioned for the project. The technology is helping different departments to prepare plans, take administrative decisions and implement development projects. Effective use of GIS is crucial for realising the dream of Smart City,” he said.

Basically, by employing a platform to coordinate, correlate and utilize all the data collected by the various departments, the state will be able to ensure smart solutions for problems, intelligent decision making while making governing policies and will allow the officials to prepare themselves for any scenario so as to ensure the safety of the citizen and also smoother governance overall.
Check out the original release featured on Times of India here.

GeorbIS, 3D GIS Platform Helps Prepare for Natural Disasters

At VizExperts, we have been in collaboration with various state governments to help their civic bodies prepare for natural disasters. While speaking about Bangalore, Praveen Bhaniramka, co-founder of VizExperts says that Bangalore and Karnataka are mapped thoroughly. To that extent, there is no way to allow for the visualization of these maps, thereby helping the civic agencies prepare for natural disasters. Through our 3D GIS Platform GeorbIS, we can extract GIS based data and convert it into pictures improving the decision making capabilities of government agencies.

What is GeorbIS?

GeorbIS, the flagship product of VizExperts, is a 3D GIS solution which helps in the conversion of voluminous raw data into informative decision making through visual computing.

  • “Geospatial information is a key element in disaster management. We develop GIS solutions for quick deployment and adaptation in times of emergency. We can equip local, state or national government to deal with natural disasters such as earthquake, cyclone, flood, landslide, forest fires and drought. It’s high time for the city administration to use GIS-based data to reach decisions. If civic agencies identify issues and put the data in public domain, it will eventually benefit citizens. There BBMP has no provision to see data in visual format right now,” Bhaniramka says.

Currently we are working on a national level project in collaboration with Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS). Basically we are creating visualization maps with data on the Indian Coastline. We are also in the process of setting up an emergency operation centre for KSNDMC in Bengaluru.

  • “Karnataka’s coastline is also being mapped. We are extracting data on rainfall, tides and weather systems from the Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC), weather department and National Disaster Management Authority , following which it will be collated to create visual representations to help authorities make decisions tools,” Bhaniramka explains.


Check out the original release featured on Times of India here.

How VizExpert’s Contributes to Make in India

Geospatial intelligence
Make in India for Defence
Having cleared a year long logjam concerning Make in India for Defence manufacturing, the Government of India has welcomed private firms into the sector. Our company VizExperts is an Indian based defense start up, which has been contributing to the advancement in technology in the defence sector for over six years now. Our company has been simplifying complex operations for the Indian Armed Forces and replacing ageing war tactics with technical solutions.
We started out as a technology company, providing integrated solutions and services in the visual computing field. After our initial success in this regard we shifted to product development. Our current client base includes the likes of   Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), police and paramilitary organisations, law enforcement institutions, museums and educational institutes in India and also International conglomerates like Halliburton, SGI and AMD.
In 2011, we launched our first patent product Digital Sand Model (DSM). The Digital Sand Model Technology is the integration of 4 different technologies – 3D Graphics, high resolution satellite data, Simulation and Geographic Information System (GIS). Using this we provide an improved situational awareness in a 3D format to the defence forces.
  •   “Colonel Sunil Damle (Amitabh Bachchan) briefs his army about Tiger Hill while planning the Kargil operation. He uses a sand model. The concept of DSM is the same. Instead of making a physical hill, you use satellite data and because the software is 3D, it reconstructs the terrain. The model, equipped with an analysis tool and other software, helps plan the operation on a real-time basis,” says Mr. Praveen Bhaniramka, Co-founder & CEO, VizExperts referring to the 2004 War drama Lakshya, when asked to simplify the Digital Sand Model Technology. 

Now that we have successfully served in the Public Sector we aim to to make an impact on the corporate sector as well thus continuing our commitment to the Make in India concept. In this our CEO is confident since our products are easy to use and cost effective as well.
Check out the original release featured on YourStory here.

VIzExperts CEO on Virtual Reality Applications and Augmented Reality

Praveen Bhaniramka, CEO of VizExperts, sits down for a talk with Startup 18, about how the company is contributing towards improving our countries battlefield standards. The interview started with an introduction on the company and its founder before going into the specifics and ending with his perspective about Virtual Reality Applications and Augmented Reality. The following is a lightly edited transcript of the interview.

Serious Gaming

Virtual Reality Applications in the Serious Gaming domain


Startup 18:


How will Virtual Reality be used in Defence as well as daily use cases?


Praveen Bhaniramka:


Virtual Reality is going to get bigger and better as the technology evolves. The most exciting thing about Virtual Reality is its application in training. When the soldiers in our armed forces enter the battlefield to fight insurgents, may it be Naxals or terrorists, VR is a great way to training these personnel in the various situations they may face on the battlefield. This will help ensure that they are better prepared for those situations. So one can call VR a game changer for training applications, especially in the defence sector. The way I see it, this industry can be transformed by bringing in imagery by means of 3D GIS and bringing it into VR. By bringing in real data and inputting it into the Synthetic World or Virtual World, we can apply this data in ways that will make it more interactive and immersive. This will allow us to improve training standards. In the defence sector I am very excited about VR and its rise in popularity. This area, I believe is called Serious Gaming Industry and I think Virtual Reality is going to be a game changer in this Industry.


When it comes to Virtual Reality applications for the common man, let me tell you about my son who is an avid user of the game Pokémon GO. We at VizExperts have some ideas of our own to create some really cool things for kids. What I can tell you is that VR and even Augmented Reality is going to be a game changer when it comes to the growth and development of kids going forward. We can use this to develop things in the ‘Edutainment” space, like teaching kids how cars work, how planes fly, one of my favourites is teaching kids how to play Hot Wheels game and allowing them to make Hot Wheels tracks up to any size. This will help them to learn Basic Designing Skills, they can also learn Architecture even if only the Basics. This is the kind of growth I feel VR will take us into, in the near future.



Startup 18:


Tips for young Entrepreneurs starting out in this area?




I think the first requirement, since this is a cutting edge area, is to learn to keep up with the continuous evolving nature of this technology, since the 3D graphics area moves faster than Moore’s Law. Passion for the industry is also very important to succeed. Having the passion for technology, VR, interactive graphics will allow and even enable you to stay ahead of the curve in this industry. One thing you should understand is that it is not about the fun, yes, VR and gaming is a lot of fun, but you need to understand what the end customer wants and why they would pay for it. That is a problem that us techies are not very good at. Understanding why a customer would buy our services and technology is what will define a successful entrepreneur. When it comes to recruiting talented people, we have been fortunate to find people who are passionate for VR and Graphics. What we do here at VizExperts is that we hire people for their passion and then train them for the skillset. We have a very capable senior team, who have both the skillset and the passion which allows us to train passionate people very quickly. We are a platform agnostic company, we basically build software and integrate hardware. Silicon Graphics, which is where I worked before this was a hardware company. So this can be called as my Expertise. I am very good at understanding and integrating hardware into various applications. May it be Apple, Google or Facebook, we understand how to take technology and integrate it so that it works for the customer.


Startup 18:


What is the best platform out of VR and AR for training purposes?




VR and AR are not necessarily separate, the difference is that with AR one can achieve a higher level of immersion than with VR. But, VR today, is capable of giving you much higher fidelity interactions which AR cannot. If you have played Pokemon GO then you will understand what I mean. AR still has some ways to go before it can match that level of fidelity which we are able to achieve in VR. In the long term though, where I would like to have soldiers training ‘really’ on the ground, can be achieved better with the help of AR. AR is basically me putting live soldiers into a real forest and enabling virtual enemies to attack, whereas in VR, the whole forest is virtual including the soldier. When it comes to AR, I would have to create these virtual soldiers in real situations, which is difficult in comparison to VR where one has to simply create a complete Virtual World. So there are applications for both, depending on the requirement, in some cases AR will be more suitable and in some cases VR. But what I feel is in the long term AR is the right thing for a real immersion experience. There are two things that are really important in such applications, one is the visual fidelity and the other is the interaction. Innovations are needed in both areas. What I expects from AR is actual feedback when one interacts with a virtually created being. For example, while shaking a virtual hand we want to get the feeling that we are actually shaking someone’s hand, what we get in today’s AR is our hand going through the projection. So AR has a long way to go before it reaches the level that I am envisioning.


You can view the entire interview here.


How VizExpert’s 3D terrain model secures our borders

Traditionally, our armed forces have used Military Terrain Models for the purpose of operation planning and tactics. If you are not familiar with the concept then you can remember the scene from the 2004 war film Lakshya. Here Amitabh Bachchan plans the military tactics on such a model, to deploy and employ forces to fight and win the territory from the enemy. The model we saw in the movie was a very basic model used by the army until recently. Now replace that image in your mind with a 3D terrain model. This model is equipped with various interaction devices, software and terrain data gathered from high resolution satellites. As a result of this model, operations can be planned on a real time basis.
Yes, it is on this concept that our company, VizExperts has built its first patent product, a 3D terrain model called the Digital Sand Model Technology (DSM). The Border Security Force (BSF) has employed our product to assist them in securing our borders.
The Digital Sand Model Technology, is an integration of four different types of software technologies. Namely, 3D Graphics, high resolution satellite data, simulation and Geographic Information System (GIS).
  •  “Digital Sand Model is a revolutionary solution for operation planning, mission briefing and training, for the Indian paramilitary, police, and the armed forces,” says Praveen Bhaniramka, Founder and CEO, VizExperts. 

Talking about the product he further explains that this model involves the integration of online data from field formations. This integrated data can be directly visualized in the 24/7 operations capable control room. As a result, improved incident mapping and decision making is achieved. This integrated solution is built on a 3D GIS platform. The platform includes audio visual hardware as well as terrain data and the backend GIS database of the entire country.
Now that we have successfully served in the Public Sector we aim to to make an impact on the corporate sector as well.
Check out the original release featured on YourStory here.

VizExperts’ Terrain Mapping with Digital Sand Model

Terrain Mapping with digital sand model
Terrain Mapping is widely used to create sand models. The sand models are highly effective training and tactical planning tools. An actual replica of the area of interest is made using sand and 3D models. A stationary model of the terrain which can be used for military, research and educational purposes. Now, replace the stationary model with a digitally created 3D model of the terrain. Using digital maps, feature data and more to create a clinically accurate version of the terrain. This is the advanced terrain mapping that we at VizExperts offer, the Digital Sand Model.
Basically, there are two distinct elements to the data agglomeration process. Firstly, is the collection of raw data through data mining followed by front end visualization. 3D Geographic Information System allows the collection, processing, analysis and distribution of all the information with almost negligible inconsistencies. Cutting edge AV products are used simultaneously to augment these technologies allowing for better and accurate decision making.
The Digital Sand Model, our first patent product, is the integration of 3D GIS, simulation and AV technologies. Our integrated solution is built upon the OGC certified GeorbIS 3D GIS platform. This includes the DSM software, the best AV and IT hardware, interaction devices and also a backend GIS database and terrain data. Our Digital Sand Model Technology is widely used by the country’s inland security as well as law enforcement agencies. Its uses include operation planning, mission briefing and training.
The Digital Sand Model has its application in area mapping, armed forces, paramilitary, law enforcement agencies, security, training academies and the like. The Digital Sand Model Technology is not limited to only military and training purposes for armed forces. There can be many civilian applications like security planning for townships, societies and the like. Crowd management, traffic control and the like like are further applications.
The original release was authored by Nitish Puri and Prakhar Jain, Lead for the development of Digital Sand Model Solution.
Find the original release featured on Systems Integration Asia on pages 54-56 on this link.

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