GIS Technology Applications In Mining and Exploration
With the advent of Geographical Information System (GIS), many mining activities (from exploration to stope development, and production to mine rehabilitation) evolved from pure luck to science. Gone were the days when operations would rely on linen and paper maps and old surveys and drawings and superimposing transparencies to create layers and composite images.
GIS replaced old map-analysis processes, traditional drawing tools, and drafting and database technologies. Everyone in the company can access data and use GIS for project planning, mining operations, transportation management, and risk analysis to name a few. GIS enables transforming of simple mining and exploration information into actionable information for the key stakeholders.
Data Collection & Visualization
With the use of GIS collecting data in the field and mapping them becomes much easier. Data can be collected through various means such as manual surveys, using hand held GPS devices and DGPS surveys and can be moved into a centralized database in almost near real time. 2D as well as 3D views provides better visualization, mapping and map generation.
GIS is ideal for integrating various exploration datasets such as geophysical images, geochemistry, geologic maps, radiometric surveys, boreholes, and mineral deposits. GIS gives the explorations tools to manage, display, and analyse data, resulting in successful, cost-effective discovery of new mineral deposits.
Development & Production
GIS can be used extensively during the development and production phases of a mining operation. Reserve estimates, annual planned production, or cost-per-ton statistics can be linked to complementary geospatial technology, such as GPS. GIS can be applied to both short-term and long-term scheduling to help optimize production at operations.
Mining Closure and Reclamation
GIS mapping allows rapid sizing and plotting of mine openings, waste piles and cultural features for accurate drawing and quantity computations during office design of the closures. Tied to coordinate systems, the maps are accurate with respect to orientation and provide precise information for the preparation of construction documents. 3D view generated by the GIS system can be used to illustrate the pre- and post-reclamation design features. In the final phase of reclamation, the GIS systems can similarly be used to locate the site, monitor closure and provide as-built dimensions and documentation of closure within the database.
Monitoring Environmental Impact
Many organisations with the use of GIS keep a track and actively monitor the environmental impacts that may be caused by their activities and conduct reclamation.
GIS offers higher management to see the actual picture in terms of reports generated out of the data collected from the field and mapped on GIS. The representation in GIS matters the most in bringing out the conclusion such that decision makers can perform further action.
Monitoring & Management Systems
Coal mine safety is of paramount concern to mining industry. Mine accidents have various causes and consequences including catastrophic failure of mine, substantial economic losses and most notably loss of lives. GIS aids in monitoring and management system for underground mine safety in three levels as constructive safety, surveillance and maintenance, and emergency. A web based GIS application based on Enterprise architecture integrates the database design and management to the monitoring system implementation which encompasses query and analysis operations.
VizExperts is a technology development firm in the realm of Geospatial intelligence driven decision making. We at VizExperts believe in transforming data to decisions through a highly sophisticated and superior visual computing technology. In line with the objectives of Government of India, to accelerate indigenization of technology, our products have all been developed in-house, setting standards of excellence comparable and beyond what is offered elsewhere. VizExperts corporate philosophy is to provide unique and differentiated value to its clients resulting in interactive engagements and mutual partnership opportunities. Our list of clients includes various reputed Indian Government Organizations with whom we have worked on multiple projects using our 3D GIS technology and Digital Sand Model technology. Our R&D teams based out of Gurgaon and Bangalore have some of the best 3D GIS and visual computing talent in the country.
One of our principal focus areas has been GeorbIS®, our flagship 3D GIS technology, which enables geospatial intelligence driven decision making at organizations functioning in multiple domains. VizExperts GeorbIS has been certified compliant for WMS, WCS, WFS, WFS(T) services by the OGC® (Open Geospatial Consortium), the GeorbIS® platform now offers a unified platform for 3D geospatial data visualization, GIS analysis and multi-data fusion. GeorbIS comes with options for stand-alone desktop based systems and server based enterprise level systems. The platform also offers modular extensions called CartridGIS that offer advanced functionality and customized features, offering out-of-the-box usability. Custom interfaces are included for enabling real-time sensor data integration from the field.
GeorbIS Enterprise offers a centralized mechanism for collection and dissemination of data and information. It offers integration of distributed data sources and utilizing information made available through different channels. The entire data resides on the server hosted in-house and can be accessed easily through any web browser within the network and through internet. Enterprise solution is based on GIS framework which follows standard three tier architecture with separate user interface, computation and data management layers. It allows publishing of all standard 2D & 3D GIS data formats and multiple non-spatial data formats, viewing, support for data management and offers a high level of security for user and data access. Enterprise solution offers the liberty of visualizing the action plan from anywhere without physical presence as the plans are updated on the map throughout in near real-time. VizExperts offers functionality to customize end solution as its indigenous and well supported and developed by a local technology provider.
Digital Sand Model solution has been VizExperts oldest and the most sought after product by various defense, police, paramilitary, forest, disaster management, mining, municipal corporations and etc. establishments. DSM is a cutting-edge 3D GIS based solution for operation planning, briefing and training. The DSM technology is powered by the OGC certified GeorbIS® 3D GIS platform for GIS data ingestion. DSM offers true 3D visualization of all terrains including urban, rural, forest, mountainous and desert areas for operation planning. The Digital Sand Model software integrates organization specific workflows for training and operation planning, and includes built-in tools for creating a 3D geodatabase of an organization’s area of interest.
Intel is a Business Intelligence Cartridge which enables decision making through MIS data by visualization and analysis on a GIS map with the option to generate reports. It allows connecting and merging of spatial and non-spatial databases to fetch data through a single unified database. It offers one of its kind functionality to query data based on multiple parameters & time series and represent them on the terrain in the form of a bar graph on the GIS map which would help decision makers in making timely and accurate decisions and accordingly planning the actions.
Footprint provides live and offline sensor data integration such as GPS and communication, live weather sensors data, GPS tracking etc. at the same time offers functionality to integrate live video feeds coming in from a UAVs. VizExperts offers a highly intuitive user interface through its web application UAV management and video feed analysis. Multiple analysis can be performed on the snapshots captured from the live video feed coming from the UAV such as geo-location, distance and area measurement, annotations, etc. It includes functionality of sending emergency alerts as and when required.
Strategem is a module which aids in operation planning, analysis and training. It is a highly robust tool which helps in deployment and mobilization of resources at the same time provides analysis tools to capture range of sight for human eye, cameras, etc. The entire evacuation and mitigation plan can be prepared and animated such that the teams have a better understanding of the challenges on the ground and can move accordingly.